Autumn, winter, cold, frost, wind – anyone can easily catch a cold or, worse, become seriously ill. According to statistics, almost everyone gets cold on average three times a year. And in terms of the frequency of diseases, colds are generally in fourth place. Often, with the first cold, a cough begins to appear, a head hurts, and weakness overcomes. Someone immediately begins to sound the alarm and call a doctor, while someone, on the contrary, even feeling very unwell, attributes it to simple fatigue, loss of strength, overwork. But it is quite difficult to determine the real cause of your condition without having the appropriate knowledge.
In his everyday perception, a person may not even see the difference between, for example, SARS and flu. Flu is often mistaken for a mild cold, and a cough and a small runny nose seem to be symptoms of a serious illness. As a result, it turns out that when it is not needed, a person begins to take antibiotics and other “heavy” drugs, and if there is a real need for them, he lets things go by themselves, being sure that “it’s okay – tomorrow it will pass.” But all this can not only be harmful, but even pose a danger to health and life. Of course, this is most dangerous for infants and the elderly, as well as people suffering from heart and chronic pulmonary diseases such as bronchitis, asthma, emphysema, etc.
As a rule, the reason for the development of serious viral diseases is ARVI – acute respiratory viral infections. They are a group of diseases that are similar in symptoms, spread mainly by airborne droplets and affecting the respiratory system. It is problematic to name absolutely all diseases caused by ARVI, because scientists have allocated more than two hundred of them, but you can list the most common ones. This is what we will do further, but first we will outline the main symptoms of ARVI:
- Muscle pain
- Labored breathing
- Stuffy nose (swelling of the mucous membranes)
- Swollen lymph nodes
- A sore throat
- Fast fatiguability
- General malaise
If you notice that you or someone close to you have several of these symptoms, you should pay serious attention to this and try to determine if you are sick. You can also conduct an independent initial diagnosis of the alleged disease. The most common colds and their symptoms are listed below.
Influenza is the most dangerous disease. He is able to hit a person in a matter of hours, as well as mutate and become complicated, which can make the fight against him a very difficult and difficult process. It differs from other diseases, first of all, in the speed of damage to the body and in its insidiousness – it can suppress the development of some of its main symptoms, which is why it is not always possible to recognize it immediately. Therefore, when the first signs of a cold appear, you should be very careful and take appropriate measures.
Flu symptoms: cough, runny nose, acute headaches, pain in joints and muscles, weakness, fever (up to 39 ° C), sore throat, nasal congestion. Be careful: fever and joint pain may not appear immediately.
Rhinitis is a syndrome of inflammation of the nasal mucosa. It is usually caused by viral infections and microbes. To a greater extent, its development is facilitated by the gas pollution and dustiness of the air, as well as hypothermia. By the way, rhinitis itself is often a symptom of diseases such as measles, diphtheria and flu.
Symptoms of rhinitis: burning in the nose, runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, redness and swelling of the nasal mucosa, decreased sense of smell, slight fever (about 37 ° C). Note that it may be normal to feel well during rhinitis.