It’s time for colds. 10 most common colds and their self-diagnosis. Part 2


Laryngitis is an inflammation of the lining of the larynx. In the vast majority of cases, it is associated with colds and infectious diseases. It develops as a result of overheating, hypothermia, inhalation of dusty air, breathing through the mouth and overstrain of the larynx

Laryngitis symptoms: rough cough, sore throat, aggravated by coughing, hoarseness, crusts and mucus in the larynx, swollen lymph nodes, changes in voice.


It's time for colds. 10 most common colds and their self-diagnosis. Part 2

Bronchitis is the most common colds. It affects the human respiratory system. In this case, the inflammatory process itself “switches” directly to the bronchi. The main cause of bronchitis is a bacterial or viral infection.

Symptoms of bronchitis: dry or wet cough, accompanied by the release of mucous or mucopurulent sputum, shortness of breath, wheezing during inhalation and exhalation, malaise, fever, which can be very difficult to “bring down”.


Angina is an infectious disease, during which there is an acute inflammation in the pharyngeal region. Most often, the palatine tonsils are inflamed. Various microorganisms cause sore throat: staphylococci, streptococci and others (less often).

Symptoms of sore throat: white or grayish films on the tonsils, enlarged lymph nodes, pain in the eyes, chills, cough, runny nose.


Fringitis is an inflammation of the lymphoid tissue and the mucous membrane of the pharynx. Most often, pharyngitis occurs due to inhalation of cold, hot or polluted air, as well as due to any chemical irritation. In some cases, it can be triggered by infections and viruses.

Pharyngitis symptoms: cough, dryness and sore throat, aggravated by coughing, pain during swallowing, coughing, mucous and mucopurulent discharge in the throat and swelling of its lateral folds.


Tracheitis is, simply put, an inflammation of the trachea. Despite the fact that the trachea is part of the lower respiratory tract, tracheitis is classified as an upper respiratory disease. As an independent disease, it is quite rare and most often accompanies bronchitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis and rhinitis, and arises as a consequence.

Symptoms of tracheitis: painful dry cough (with time – with phlegm), burning and soreness in the sternum, aggravated by coughing, heavy breathing, wheezing, mucous and mucopurulent discharge.


It's time for colds. 10 most common colds and their self-diagnosis. Part 2

Bronchiolitis is an inflammation of the bronchioles – the terminal branches of the bronchial tree, passing into the lungs. Most often, bronchiolitis occurs due to an infection of the respiratory tract, and also due to inhalation of very hot or very cold air.

Symptoms of bronchiolitis: rapid breathing with difficulty exhaling (even with small physical exertion), painful cough with difficult sputum, hoarseness, chest pain, pale or bluish skin.


Inflammation of the lungs (also known as pneumonia) is an acute infectious disease of the lungs that affects the lung formations – the alveoli. It often develops together with other diseases such as tonsillitis, bronchitis, etc. Its main pathogens are microorganisms. May become acute and difficult to treat.

Symptoms of pneumonia: general malaise and weakness, pain in muscles and joints, cough with sputum, wheezing during breathing, high fever, trembling voice.

Herpes simple

Herpes is called a viral disease with a rash on the skin and mucous membranes of vesicular formations. There are several types of herpes, but the most common are herpes simplex. It mainly affects the skin of the lips. And the reasons for its appearance are hypothermia and overheating, as well as weakened immunity.

Herpes Symptoms: Bubbles with a clear liquid on the affected area of ​​the body (in this case, on the lips). Often, before the onset of herpes, a burning sensation of the skin and itching may be felt in the place of its future appearance; there may be malaise and chills.